Who has Nuclear Weapons?

6:24 AM


Missile - a rocket carrying a warhead of conventional or nuclear explosives; may be ballistic or directed by remote control.

North Korea has admitted its heralded long-range rocket launch ended in failure soon after take-off, as world leaders condemned the move as a "provocative" act. Said its scientists were assessing what had caused the failure.

This act caused the world and alarmed each nation.

The world, they say, is becoming a more dangerous place by the minute. With the nuclear weapons race adding to the alarming scenario, ever wonder just how what kind of nuclear arsenal exists the world over?

Listed below are the countries who has the most number of nuclear weapons according to Yahoo.

WHO HAS HOW MANY...


Russia is estimated to have about 11,000 nuclear weapons: 2430 strategic and about 2000 non-strategic warheads that are considered operationally deployed; and about 3000 strategic and up to 3300 non-strategic warheads awaiting dismantlement. Russia’s delivery vehicles include about 330 operationally deployed ballistic missiles of five different types that carry about 1100 warheads; nine submarines carrying 16 SLBMs; and 72 heavy bombers capable of carrying more than 800 airlaunched cruise missiles. Russia is estimated to have about 737±120 tons of HEU and 145±8 tons of weapongrade plutonium.


The US government indicates it has an active stockpile of 5113 nuclear weapons. Independent estimates indicate it also has approximately 3500 “retired” warheads, an unknown number of which are being maintained for possible reactivation. The US currently reports 1790 strategic nuclear weapons as deployed on ICBMs, SLBMs, and heavy bombers. This does not include warheads that are in the stockpile that could be carried by delivery systems not defined as deployed. Independent estimates indicate the US stockpile has 760 non-strategic weapons with about 200 deployed, most of them at air bases in NATO countries in Europe. The US currently deploys 448 ICBMS; D5 SLBMs on 12 Trident submarines, currently carrying 249 SLBMs; and two long-range heavy bombers. The US has produced approximately 850 tons of HEU and 85 tons of weapongrade.


France possesses approximately 300 nuclear warheads, approximately 290 of which are deployed or operationally available for deployment on short notice. Its delivery vehicles consist of approximately 40 aircraft assigned to a total of 40 cruise missiles; four nuclearpowered ballistic missile submarines (at least two of which are always fully operational) equipped with nuclear-armed long-range ballistic missiles. France is no longer thought to be producing fissile materials for nuclear weapons. It is believed to have an estimated six tons of plutonium and 26 tons of HEU.


In September 2010, the UK government announced that it had “not more than 225” Trident nuclear warhead and that this would be reduced to “not more than 180” by the mid 2020s. The UK’s only delivery system is the Trident D5 missile. Until 2010 each of the two or three armed Vanguard class submarines carried between 12 and 14 operational D5 missiles. This will be reduced to eight missiles per submarine over the next few years. It is estimated that the UK has produced over 3.5 tons of weapon-grade plutonium and that it has acquired from the United States 21–22 tons of HEU and has produced 4–5 tons itself.


Estimates suggest China currently has approximately 170 nuclear warheads including approximately 110 operationally deployed nuclear missiles, approximately 60 warheads stored for its submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and bombers. China has not declared publically that is has ended the production of highly enriched uranium (HEU) and plutonium for nuclear weapons, though it is believed that China stopped production of HEU in 1987 and plutonium by 1990. China’s military inventory would be about 16±4 tons of weapon-grade HEU and 1.8±0.5 tons of weapon-grade plutonium.


Pakistan is currently estimated to have 90–110 nuclear weapons. It has a number of short-range, medium, and longer-range road-mobile ballistic surface-to-surface missiles in various stages of development. It has developed a second generation of ballistic missile systems over the past five years. It is estimated that Pakistan could have a stockpile of 2750 kg of weapon-grade HEU and may be producing about 150 kg of HEU per year. Estimates suggest Pakistan has produced a total of about 140 kg of plutonium.


India is estimated to have 80–100 nuclear warheads. It is also developing a range of delivery vehicles, including land- and sea-based missiles, bombers, and submarines. There are no official estimates of the size of India’s stockpile of fissile materials, though it is known that India produces both HEU for its nuclear submarines and plutonium for weapons. India is estimated to have a stockpile of 0.52±0.17 tons of weapon-grade plutonium by the end of 2011. There has been speculation that India has used reactor-grade plutonium in its nuclear weapons, in which case, the nuclear arsenal could potentially be much larger, as India has approximate 3.8 to 4.6 tons of separated plutonium from its power reactors. Its fast breeder reactor programme also provides another potential source of producing weapon-grade plutonium.


Estimates about the size of the arsenal are based on the power capacity of the nuclear reactor near Dimona. Experts estimate that Israel’s current nuclear force ranges from 60–80 weapons at the low end to over 400 at the high end. The most frequently cited figure is 100–200 warheads. It is assumed that Israel has a triad of delivery systems: land, air, and sea. It is estimated that by the end of 2003, Israel could have produced approximately 510–650 kg of weapons-grade plutonium. Estimates of HEU production are even more difficult to make though public information suggests Israel has an uranium enrichment programme. (Courtesy: Reaching Critical Will)


credit to: YahooNews

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